Low testosterone (male hypogonadism) is a disorder in which your testicles do not make enough testosterone. A healthcare practitioner will perform a physical exam if you have signs of low testosterone. They will also inquire about your medical history, smoking history, drugs you take or have taken, and any present symptoms or request blood tests. Joshua R Gonzalez MD will consider your specific signs and symptoms and the findings of any blood tests to determine a diagnosis.
An overview of low testosterone
Testosterone is a vital hormone in your body. However, beyond 30, it begins to decline each year. This can be rather significant in certain males. Between 19 and 39% of older men may have low testosterone levels. In recent years, older men with low testosterone have been more interested in testosterone replacement treatment (TRT). TRT treats symptoms such as low libido, reduced muscular mass, and low energy. Low testosterone affects more than simply older males. Additionally, this issue can affect young males, newborns, and toddlers.
Prevalent indicators of low testosterone
Reduced muscle mass: Testosterone is involved in forming muscle mass, and low hormone levels can result in considerable muscle mass loss. However, while decreased testosterone causes muscle mass loss, muscular function and strength remain unchanged.
Reduced bone mass: Testosterone aids in the formation of bone tissue and the maintenance of bone volume. Low testosterone levels might cause a decrease in this volume, making the bones more prone to fractures.
Reduced sex desire: Low testosterone levels are frequently associated with decreased sex drive. A male’s sex drive naturally declines with age, but when the cause is low testosterone, he will notice a considerable decline in sexual desire.
Increased body fat: A decrease in testosterone might increase body fat. In certain situations, patients with a hormone shortage develop gynecomastia, which causes breast augmentation.
Hair loss: Many individuals lose their hair naturally as they age, and age-related hair loss can affect anybody.
Reduction in energy levels: Low testosterone levels might result in decreased energy and weariness. Even after enough rest, you may get fatigued or lose interest in exercise or activity.
Treating low testosterone
Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is the most often used treatment. A doctor normally prescribes TRT only if you have several indicators of low testosterone and blood test results showing a deficit. TRT can be administered by skin patches, gels, pills that dissolve in the mouth, injections, or surgically implanted pellets that release the hormone. Most patients may observe symptom alleviation after 4-6 weeks of beginning TRT.
When to visit your healthcare provider about low testosterone
Regular follow-up meetings with a healthcare practitioner are essential if you use hormone replacement treatment. Consult a doctor if you have signs of low testosterone, such as decreased sexual desire and hot flashes. They will assess you and may prescribe blood tests. If your child is born male and has not reached puberty by 14, consult with their physician.
Many people dismiss the symptoms of low testosterone as an unpleasant aspect of becoming older. However, you should treat symptoms that impair your quality of life. If you’re experiencing troublesome symptoms of low testosterone, consult a doctor and explore your therapy choices. Call Joshua R. Gonzalez, MD, or book your meeting online to determine ideal low testosterone therapies.
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